后端服务CORS预检请求验证问题探究

Terwer 前端开发评论25字数 1381阅读4分36秒阅读模式

问题探索

问题引入

目前在 Vite+Vue3 的项目中使用 fetch API 调用 siyuan 的 API 时候,如果加上 API 鉴权,就会返回 CORS 错误,如下:
后端服务CORS预检请求验证问题探究文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

根据 https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Glossary/Preflight_request 这篇文章的理解文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

在检测到 CORS 跨域复杂请求(例如 POST 等)时候,会发送一个 OPTIONS 的预检请求,请求会返回下一个请求允许的 header 和 method文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

检测请求可以看到文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

后端服务CORS预检请求验证问题探究文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

后端服务CORS预检请求验证问题探究文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

可以看到思源服务端返回的 Access-Control-Request-Headers 并没有 Authorization 字段。这就是导致最终 CORS 失败的根本原因。文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

最优解决方案

查看 https://github.com/siyuan-note/siyuan/blob/master/kernel/server/serve.go) 代码可以看到,服务端是支持 CORS 的,代码如下文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

ginServer.Use(cors.Default())

这里实用的默认策略。我们看看详细的默认策略文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

后端服务CORS预检请求验证问题探究文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

可以看到并没有包含 Authorization 字段。文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

而 siyuan 的 API 文档鉴权部分明确表示需要在 header 传递该字段文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

https://github.com/siyuan-note/siyuan/blob/master/API_zh_CN.md#%E9%89%B4%E6%9D%83文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

解决方案:
参考了
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/29418478/go-gin-framework-cors文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

代码修改如下文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

func CORSMiddleware() gin.HandlerFunc {
    return func(c *gin.Context) {

        c.Header("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*")
        c.Header("Access-Control-Allow-Credentials", "true")
        c.Header("Access-Control-Allow-Headers", "origin, Content-Length, Content-Type, Authorization")
        c.Header("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "GET, POST, PUT, PATCH, DELETE, HEAD, OPTIONS")

        if c.Request.Method == "OPTIONS" {
            c.AbortWithStatus(204)
            return
        }

        c.Next()
    }
}

然后原来的文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

ginServer.Use(cors.Default())

调整为文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

ginServer.Use(CORSMiddleware())

后端服务CORS预检请求验证问题探究文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

问题解决。文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

后端服务CORS预检请求验证问题探究文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

后端服务CORS预检请求验证问题探究文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

候选的解决方案

如果修改内核影响太大或者看看能不能把跨域策略提供配置可选。文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

参考

https://blog.csdn.net/root_miss/article/details/82740399文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Glossary/Preflight_request文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/29418478/go-gin-framework-cors文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

文章源自浅海拾贝-https://blog.terwergreen.com/back-end-service-coros-pre-inspection-request-verification-question-exploration-zvlefe.html

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